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Budget 2024 Highlights: Download PDF, Important Areas, and Key Takeaways

Updated: May 30

Interim Budget 2024: Key Highlights

Presenting the Narendra Modi government’s last budget before the Lok Sabha elections, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman stated today that India’s economy is undergoing a significant transition. She further added that the government is committed to improving the lives of the poor, women, youth, and farmers. This statement set the stage for the announcement of welfare initiatives in these focus areas. 

This article highlights the key takeaways from FM’s Interim Budget 2024 speech. The Budget 2024 highlights can be downloaded from here.


Table of Contents


Budget 2024 Highlights: Direct and Indirect taxes

  • The FM proposes no changes in direct and indirect taxation, including import duty.

  • The tax rates for direct and indirect taxes remain the same.

  • The government proposes to will withdraw old disputed direct tax demands of up to INR 25,000 related to F.Y. 2009-2010. In addition, outstanding direct tax demands of up to INR 10,000 will be withdrawn pertaining to F.Y. 2010-2011 to F.Y. 2014-2015.

  • The Tax Breaks for startups, sovereign wealth investors, and pension funds will be extended until March 31, 2025.

  • The expected tax receipts for 2024-2025 are INR 26.02 Lakh Crore.

Tourism Related

  • To address the challenges of a higher population, a panel will be set-up.

  • To develop and improve the tourism industry in Lakshadweep, the government will provide monetary aid and assistance.

Budget 2024 Highlights: Fiscal Related Proposals

  • The F.Y. 2024 Fiscal Deficit target has been revised from 5.9% to 5.8% of GDP.

  • The Fiscal Deficit target for F.Y. 2025 is budgeted at 5.1% of GDP.

  • The total expenditure for F.Y. 2024 has been revised to INR 44.90 Lakh Crore.

  • The total revenue receipts in F.Y. 2024-2025 is estimated at INR 30 Lakh Crore, compared to the earlier revised estimate of INR 26.99 Lakh Crore.

  • Moreover, a food subsidy of INR 2.12 Lakh Crore is proposed.

  • The government has reduced its F.Y. 2024 divestment target from INR 51,000 Crore to INR 30,000 Crore.

  • The CAPEX outlay for next year is budgeted at INR 11.11 Lakh Crore.

  • Estimates for gross and net market borrowings through issuance of securities in 2024-2025 are INR 14.13 Lakh Crore and INR 11.75 Lakh Crore respectively.

Connecting through Air

  • With the successful launch of Udan Schemes, the government proposes to launch 517 new routes.

Connecting through Rail

  • High-density corridor decongestion. The government proposed to decongest the high-traffic density corridors.

  • PM Gati Shakti’s 3 major economic railway corridors will improve the efficiency of logistics while keeping the cost low. Energy, minerals, and cement to have dedicated corridors.

  • To enhance safety, convenience, and comfort of passengers, 40,000 normal bogies will be converted into high speed Vande Bharat.

  • The government proposed to promote urban transformation through Metro Rail and NaMo Bharat.

Initiatives for the Agricultural Sector

  • Encourage private and public sector investment in post-harvest activities.

  • To empower dairy farmers.

  • To increase the efforts to reduce foot and mouth disease.

  • To provide crop insurance to 4 Crore farmers via PM Fasal Bima Yojana.

  • Direct financial assistance for 11.8 Crore farmers under PM-KISAN Scheme.

  • The government will launch Blue Economy 2.0 to promote aquaculture.

  • Establish 5 integrated aqua parks.

  • The implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Matsaya Sampada Yojana will be accelerated to increase aquaculture productivity, to boost exports to almost double, and to create more jobs.

Boost to Sunrise Sectors

  • A corpus of INR 1 Lakh Crore will be made available with a 50-year interest-free period (whether through long-term financing or refinancing) to encourage the private sector to increase the research and development in Sunrise Sectors.


  • Ayushman Bharat will provide healthcare to all Aasha and Aanganwadi workers.

  • Saksham Anganwadi and Poshan 2.0 will be accelerated for better nutrition delivery, care during early childhood, and development.

  • The government plans to establish hospitals in all districts.

  • Focus will be placed on providing vaccination between the age group of 9-14 year old girls for cervical cancer.


  • A new housing plan is under focus for the middle class.

  • Under PM Awas Yojana, 2 Crores houses are expected to be built.

  • The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Grameen) is nearing its target of 3 Crore houses, with an additional 2 Crore aimed for the next 5 years.

Renewable Energy

  • To develop the coal gasification and liquefaction capacity.

  • CNG, PNG, and compressed biogas will be blended in phases.

  • Financial assistance will be provided for purchasing biomass aggregation machinery.

  • Wind energy feasibility gap funding.

  • 1 Crore households will be able to get up to 300 units of free electricity each month.

India’s Growth: A Journey Till Now

  • The GDP mantra of the government is focused on: Governance, Development, and Performance.

  • The FM further added: “Garib, Yuva, Mahila, and Annadata, tops our priority list. Their Kalyaan is Desh ka Kalyaan.”

  • Moreover, India’s economy will grow at a pace never seen before over the next 5 years.

  • The FM further stated: “The government plans to make the country ‘Viksit’ (developed) by 2047.”

  • Around 1 Crore women became ‘Lakhpati Didis’ through self-help groups. The target for Lakhpati Didi will be increased from 2 Crore to 3 Crore.

  • Women’s participation in higher education has increased to 28% in the last 10 years.

  • Credit assistance to 78 street vendors were provided under PM-SVANidhi.

  • More than 22 Crore Mudra loans have been disbursed in the last decade.

  • Women entrepreneurs have received INR 30 Crore Mudra Yojana.

  • The dignity of Indian women is enhanced through making the Triple Talaq illegal, and reservation of 1/3rd seats in the Parliament.

  • Jan Dhan account saved more than INR 2 Lakh Crore of the government.

  • Over 1.4 Crore youth received the training via Skill India mission, making them compatible with the job market.

  • The government lifted 25 Crore people out of poverty since the last decade.

  • Every State of the country is reaping the benefits of development.

  • Inflation has slowed down, and the economic growth has seen a pick up.

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