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Relief Under Section 89


Navigating the tax ramifications of wage arrears requires an understanding of Section 89. Salary arrears arise when an employee is paid for work completed in a prior fiscal year. This might result in increased tax implications due to the unexpected infusion of money. Section 89, on the other hand, assists by distributing the tax burden across the years covered by the arrears. 

This article will help you through the complexities of Section 89, allowing you to maximize tax savings while remaining compliant. Understanding the subtleties of this clause will enable you to manage your money better and reduce any potential tax consequences linked with wage arrears.

Fields marked with ( * ) are mandatory.

Sr. No.
Financial Year
Assessment Year
Total Income(Without Arrears)
Tax on Total Income(Including HEC)
Arrears Salary Received in Current Year

Understanding Salary Arrears

The salary arrears definition is: When an employee is due money for services done in the past but not paid for, it's known as salary arrears. This is a typical occurrence in employment settings. These can occur for various reasons, including delayed compensation changes, awaiting bonuses, and retroactive pay adjustments. Overdue salaries are taxable in the year they are received, regardless of the period they relate to. This unexpected surge of cash frequently propels people into higher tax bands, increasing their tax bills.

However, taxpayers can use Section 89 of the Income Tax Act to ease this cost. Allowing the tax burden of arrears to be stretched over the applicable years helps reduce the immediate impact on tax obligations. A thorough grasp of the taxability of wage arrears is critical for successful tax planning and compliance with tax legislation, allowing individuals to handle their financial commitments sensibly.

Eligibility for Relief Under Section 89

Specific eligibility criteria must be satisfied to get paid arrears compensation under Section 89. 


  • The arrears should be based on pay or compensation received in the current fiscal year rather than past years. 

  • Second, the individual must have received the arrears in the current fiscal year.

  • In addition, to obtain Section 89 relief, the taxpayer must apply Form 10E. 

  • Confirming that the arrears are legitimate and traceable, with supporting evidence such as wage stubs, employment contracts, or company communications, is critical.


Individuals can use Section 89's benefits by fulfilling specific requirements, enabling them to efficiently manage their tax obligations and guarantee adherence to tax laws.


Calculating Tax Relief Under Section 89

Tax relief calculation under Section 89 for pay arrears requires a systematic procedure to assure correctness. Here are step-by-step instructions:


Compute due tax, including arrears:

Add the arrears to the overall tax due for this year. This is accomplished by including the arrears tax and the ordinary income tax.


Determine the difference:

It is done by deducting the total tax obligation (step 1) that is not overdue from the total tax obligation that is due (step 2).


Compute average tax:

Establish the average tax for every year associated with the arrears. To calculate arrears, divide the difference calculated in step 3 by the total number of years involved.


Compute relief:

Divide the average tax determined in step 4 by the total number of years the relief is being requested. This yields the overall relief amount.


Calculate total tax due without arrears:

 Do not consider the arrears when determining the total tax due for the current year.

If a taxpayer has ₹10,000 in arrears for the last two years and has an average tax difference of ₹1,000 each year, the relief amount is ₹2,000 (₹1,000 x 2 years). This relief lowers the taxpayer's tax burden for the current year.


Through adherence to these procedures, people can precisely compute tax relief under Section 89, guaranteeing compliance and facilitating efficient tax planning.

Importance of Filing Form 10E

Filing Form 10E is critical for seeking relief under Section 89 and maintaining tax compliance. Failure to file Form 10E may result in the denial of relief, increasing tax liability. In addition, noncompliance may result in penalties or attention from tax authorities, which might lead to legal implications. As a result, if you seek relief for pay arrears under Section 89, you must complete Form 10E filing necessity. This assures taxpayers take advantage of the Income Tax Act's benefits while avoiding the negative consequences of not submitting.

Step-by-Step Guide to Filing Form 10E 

Follow this process to filing Form 10E electronically using the income tax portal:

Step 1:

Log In: Go to the official income tax e-filing portal and enter your credentials.

Step 2:

Navigate to Forms. Go to the e-File tab and choose 'Income Tax Forms' from the drop-down menu.

Step 3:

Select Form 10E. Select Form 10E from the list of available forms.

Step 4:

Fill in the details: Provide personal information such as your name, PAN, assessment year, and address. Enter salary arrears information, including the amount owed and the years covered.

Step 5:

Attach Documents: Include supporting documentation such as wage stubs, employment contracts, or any correspondence from the employer verifying the arrears.

Step 6:

Review and Submit: Check all information for correctness. Once validated, please do the online submission.

Step 7:

Acknowledgment: Upon successful online submission, you will receive an acknowledgment on the site.

Before you start, ensure you have all the relevant paperwork and information. 


By following these procedures, you may efficiently complete Form 10E online and speed up the process of seeking relief under Section 89 for pay arrears.

Frequently asked questions


What are salary arrears?


Salary arrears are payments owing to an employee for prior services that were not disbursed during that time, usually due to delayed revisions or bonuses.


How are salary arrears taxed?


Due to unexpected increases in income, salary arrears are taxed in the year they are paid.


Who is eligible for relief under Section 89?


Individuals with pay arrears and increasing tax bills are eligible for assistance under Section 89.


How do I calculate tax relief under Section 89 for salary arrears?


Tax relief under Section 89 is computed by multiplying the average tax difference for each relevant year by the number of years.


What is Form 10E and why is it important?


Form 10E is required to seek relief under Section 89, comply with tax laws and take advantage of Income Tax Act advantages.


How can I file Form 10E online?


Form 10E can be filed electronically using the income tax e-filing system by entering the required information, adding supporting documents and submitting the form.


Can I claim relief under Section 89 without filing Form 10E?


Relief under Section 89 can only be obtained with Form 10E, an essential condition for pay arrears relief.


What happens if I don't file Form 10E but claim relief?


Please complete Form 10E when requesting relief under Section 89 to avoid rejection of relief and increased tax liability.


Are there any penalties for not filing Form 10E?


Failure to file Form 10E might result in fines or an investigation by tax officials.


Where can I find more information about Section 89 relief?


People can visit the official income tax department website or speak with an expert for further information regarding submitting Form 10E and receiving Section 89 relief.

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