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TDS Calculator

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a type of tax, which a payer deduct while making payments to someone. It is a form of deduction of advance tax from various payment types, including salary, rent, commission, interest, and professional fees. There is no fixed rate at which a TDS is to be deducted; it fluctuates based on the nature and type of each transaction. For instance, while making payments towards salary, the TDS is deducted at the applicable slab rate under Income Tax. While payment made towards rent attracts a TDS rate between 2% to 10%, depending on the type of transaction, and so on.

Financial Year :2023-24


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What is TDS? (Understanding Tax Deducted at Source)

Tax Deducted at Source or TDS is a part of the Indian tax system. It is a method where the government collects income tax right at the source of income. Think of it like this: when you earn money, a small part of it is taken out and given to the government as tax before you even get your hands on it. This way, the government makes sure it gets its share of taxes in advance. The importance of TDS in the Indian tax system cannot be overstated. It helps in reducing tax evasion because the tax is collected upfront. Depending on what you earn, there are different TDS rates that tell you how much tax will be taken from your income.

Let's look into an example to illustrate how the TDS formula works in the calculation of TDS:

Rohan, a software engineer is earning a monthly salary of ₹60,000. His employer deducts TDS from his salary as per tax regulations. Assuming Rohan falls under the 30% tax slab, his annual income is ₹7,20,000. After deductions of ₹1,80,000, his taxable income is ₹5,40,000.

Calculate TDS:

  • TDS = Taxable Income × TDS Rate

  • Since Rohan falls under the 30% tax slab, the TDS rate is 30%.

  • TDS = ₹5,40,000 × 0.30 = ₹1,62,000

  • Using the TDS formula, his TDS amount is calculated to be ₹1,62,000. 

  • This amount is deducted by his employer from his salary before paying salary to him. This ensures compliance with TDS regulations and fulfills Rohan's tax obligations.

How TDS Works

The TDS deduction process involves your employer or the person paying you taking a portion of your earnings and sending it directly to the government as tax. This happens in several scenarios, such as when you receive your salary, earn interest from bank deposits, or get paid a commission. The entity making the payment takes care of calculating how much TDS needs to be deducted based on predefined rates and then pays the rest to you. So, if you are earning a salary, your employer will deduct a certain percentage as TDS and give you the remaining amount. Similarly, if you earn interest on your savings or fixed deposits, the bank will deduct TDS on the interest earned. This process ensures that the government collects a part of the taxes due on various incomes directly at the source, making tax collection more efficient and reducing the chance of tax evasion.

Step-by-Step Guide For Using the TDS Calculator

Here are the steps to calculate TDS using the TaxBuddy’s calculator:

Step 1: Access the Calculator:

            Navigate to > Resources > Calculators > TDS Calculator 

Step 2: Select the Recipient type:

             whether individual/HUF/sole proprietor or others.

Step 3: PAN Availability:

             Choose ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ accordingly based on the PAN availability of the recipient.

Step 4: Enter Date of Birth:

             Add the recipient's date of birth in MM/DD/YYYY format.

Step 5: Payment Amount:

             Enter the amount paid to the recipient on which TDS is to be deducted.

Step 6: Nature of Payment:

             The type or the nature of payment plays an important role in determining the TDS rate. Select the nature of payment from the drop down whether it is towards salary, commission, rent, and so on.

Step 7: Click on the ‘Calculate’ button. The TDS amount will be determined based on the inputs provided.

             The obtained value represents the TDS amount to be deducted while making the payments.

Benefits of Using a TDS Calculator

Using an online TDS calculator offers several advantages for taxpayers. First and foremost, it brings a high level of accuracy to your tax calculations. Since the calculator is programmed with the latest tax rules and rates, it reduces the chances of errors that can happen when calculating manually.

Another significant benefit is the time-saving aspect. Instead of spending hours trying to figure out your tax deductions with pen and paper, an online TDS calculator simplifies the process. With just a few clicks, you get an instant estimate of your TDS. This convenience allows you to plan your finances better and ensures you're not caught off guard by unexpected tax deductions.

In summary, the precision and efficiency provided by an online TDS calculator make it a valuable tool for anyone looking to manage their taxes effectively.

Common TDS Deduction Rates

Overview of common TDS rates for various income types

Tax Deducted at Source, or TDS, is a means by which taxes are collected right at the source of income. It applies to various types of income, such as salary and interest on securities. For each type of income, there are specific TDS rates set by the government. These rates are important to know because they directly affect how much money you actually receive in your hand. For instance, the TDS rate on salary is based on the income slab you fall under, while the interest on securities has a fixed rate. Knowing these TDS rates helps in better financial planning and understanding your tax liabilities.

TDS Exemptions and Thresholds

There are certain exemptions and threshold limits for TDS deductions that can benefit taxpayers. These exemption limits are set by the government and can vary for different types of income. For example, there is a threshold limit for interest earned on savings accounts and fixed deposits, below which TDS is not deducted. Similarly, for salaried individuals, there are exemption limits that depend on various factors like investments under Section 80C, housing loan interest, etc. Understanding these TDS exemptions and threshold limits is crucial because it can help you reduce your tax liability legally. By efficiently planning your investments and expenditures, you can ensure you make the most of these exemptions and pay only the tax that you are required to.

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Frequently asked questions on TDS: Understanding the Basics and Beyond


What is TDS and why is it important?


Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a means of collecting income tax in India, right at the source of income. It is essentially a way to prevent tax evasion by collecting tax at the very source of income. For both the government and the taxpayer, TDS is crucial. It ensures a steady flow of income to the government and reduces the tax burden on the taxpayer at the end of the fiscal year. Understanding TDS is important for everyone earning an income, as it directly affects how much tax is paid and how tax returns are filed.


How do I calculate TDS using the online calculator?


Calculating TDS has been made easy with the advent of online calculators. To use a TDS calculator, you will need to input specific information such as your income type, the amount of income, and any deductions applicable. The calculator then uses this information to compute the amount of TDS that should be deducted from your income. This tool is particularly useful for quickly estimating your TDS liabilities without having to do the math manually.


What are the common TDS rates for salaried employees?


For salaried employees, TDS rates are determined based on the income tax slabs set by the government. These rates can vary depending on the total annual income of the individual. Generally, the TDS rate for salaried employees ranges from 5% to 30%, depending on the income bracket they fall into. It is important for employees to be aware of these rates to understand how much tax will be deducted from their salary.


Can I claim a refund for excess TDS deducted?


Yes, if too much TDS has been deducted from your income, you are entitled to claim a refund. This situation can arise if the investment declarations made at the beginning of the year are not accurately reflected in the TDS deductions. To claim a refund, you must file your income tax returns, and the excess amount deducted will be refunded to you by the Income Tax Department.


How often do TDS rates change?


TDS rates can change annually as they are determined by the government during the Union Budget. Any changes in the rates are usually announced in the budget speech by the Finance Minister. It's important for taxpayers to stay updated with any changes in TDS rates to ensure compliance and accurate tax calculation.


What information do I need to use a TDS calculator?


To effectively use a TDS calculator, you need certain information such as your gross monthly income, the nature of your income (salary, interest, etc.), and any applicable deductions (such as under Section 80C). Having this information at hand will enable the calculator to accurately estimate your TDS obligations.


Are there any exemptions under TDS?


Yes, the Income Tax Act provides various exemptions under TDS for different types of income. For example, interest earned up to a certain limit on savings accounts is not subject to TDS. Similarly, certain payments to freelancers and contractors under a specified limit are exempt from TDS. Knowing these exemptions can help taxpayers plan their finances better and reduce their tax liability.


How can I submit my TDS deductions?


Submitting your TDS deductions is a process that is generally handled by your employer or the entity making the payment to you. They are responsible for deducting the applicable TDS and depositing it with the government on your behalf. They must also provide you with a Form 16 or Form 16A, detailing the amount of TDS deducted and submitted.


What is the threshold limit for TDS deduction on interest from savings accounts?


The threshold limit for TDS deduction on interest earned from savings accounts is set at Rs. 40,000 for individuals and Rs. 50,000 for senior citizens. This means if the interest income is below this limit, no TDS will be deducted. It's beneficial for individuals to know this limit to manage their savings and investments efficiently.


How does TDS affect my annual tax filing?


TDS directly impacts your annual tax filing as it constitutes a part of your tax payments for the year. When filing your income tax return, you must include the TDS amounts deducted over the year. If the total tax liability is less than the TDS deducted, you can claim a refund for the excess amount. Conversely, if your tax liability is more, you will need to pay the balance tax. Understanding how TDS works and its implications on your tax filings is essential for accurate and compliant tax returns.

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