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GST on House Rent: Variations and Categories

Let us discover the distinct GST regulations for residential and commercial renting with ease! And if you're a business owner, it is significant for you to take a deep dive into the realm of rent payments and comprehend the mechanics of claiming Input Tax Credit (ITC) on your rental-related GST payments. Are you ready to explore the details? Let's embark on this journey together!

Comprehending GST implications in property renting involves traversing a multifaceted terrain. According to the GST Act, the leasing of immovable property is officially deemed a service-based supply. Understanding the nuanced application of GST in property renting involves recognizing its selective scope, which covers distinct scenarios, including providing property for lease, rent, easement, or license, facilitating occupancy, as well as leasing out any property – whether commercial, industrial, or residential – intended for business use, whether partially or entirely.

Under these circumstances, renting undergoes a transformation into a service supply, inevitably making it subject to taxation. Notably, the renting of a residential property for residential purposes is sheltered from GST, enjoying an exemption. However, the landscape shifts when an immovable property is leased for commercial activities, triggering a GST rate of 18%, as these scenarios are unequivocally categorized as service-based supplies. As we navigate the intricacies of this taxation sphere, the significance of understanding the elaborate dynamics of GST in property renting becomes increasingly evident, standing as a pivotal compass for both landlords and tenants alike.

Navigating GST on House Rent: When Earnings Exceed Thresholds

If your earnings outshine the exempted threshold, stepping into the world of GST becomes essential. This transition is triggered when your property finds a home in the business realm, making it a taxable entity. Furthermore, if your annual income – encompassing rent and various exempted gains – surpasses the Rs. 20 lakh mark, embracing GST registration becomes a requirement.

Thresholds and Service Providers umbrella of gst on house rent: A Deeper Look

For those solely engaged in service provision, the GST threshold stands at Rs. 20 lakh – a significant jump from the previous Service Tax limit of Rs. 10 lakhs. This shift brings a wave of relief, especially for landlords who were previously nestled within the Service Tax framework. Their comfort zone now extends by an additional Rs. 10 lakhs, allowing them a smoother journey.

Special Cases

Keep in mind that special category states operate under a distinct rule – maintaining the Rs. 10 lakh threshold instead of the general Rs. 20 lakhs. This underscores the importance of knowing your specific context before navigating the GST landscape.

Clarity on GST on House Rent: No Tax on Personal Residential Rentals

In a significant move, the 48th GST Council meeting provided a clear directive. When a residential dwelling is rented to a registered individual for their personal use and as their own residence, no GST needs to be paid. This means if a registered person, who is also a proprietor of a proprietorship firm, rents out a residential property for their living (not related to the firm), GST won't be applicable in this scenario.

Understanding GST on Commercial Property Rentals

Applying GST to Commercial Spaces

In the case of leasing commercial properties, a GST rate of 18% is applicable to the assessable value. Rent is considered a service that is subject to taxation. The computation entails levying GST on the complete sum of rent collected over regular intervals.

In cases where an invoice is raised per period, GST (9% CGST and SGST or 18% IGST) is computed on the payable rent. For government or local authority-rented immovable properties to registered individuals, GST is under Reverse Charge Mechanism. When renting to an unregistered person, the government handles GST deduction.

Rent Payers' Responsibility

Property owners must collect GST from rent payers, and this GST is on the charged rent. If property rent exceeds Rs.2.40 lakh per year (AY 20-21 onward), renters need to deduct 10% income tax at source (TDS). This rule applies to both residential and commercial properties, and no GST is added to TDS.

Navigating GST for Tenants: Input Tax Credit

In the sphere of new regulations, GST-registered tenants step into the limelight. This scenario entails tenants adhering to the reverse charge mechanism, involving the payment of GST on rent and subsequently claiming input tax credit (ITC) for the expenditure. However, it's crucial to keep in mind the constraints set forth by Section 17(5)(g) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act. This specific section restricts the eligibility for input tax credit on GST paid for services designated for 'personal consumption.' The credit remains applicable exclusively for supplies meant for 'business purposes,' providing a clear distinction.


Q) What are the distinguishing factors in the GST treatment between residential and commercial renting?

The treatment of GST varies based on whether the property is rented for residential or commercial purposes. Residential renting typically falls outside the GST scope, while commercial renting incurs an 18% GST on the taxable value.

Q) How does GST apply to properties rented out for business use?

If a property is leased for business, including commercial, industrial, or residential spaces, and the annual earnings exceed Rs. 20 lakh, GST registration becomes necessary. This type of rental is classified as a service supply and is subject to an 18% GST rate.

Q) What is the threshold for service providers in terms of GST applicability?

For service providers, the threshold for mandatory GST registration is now set at Rs. 20 lakh. This is an increase from the earlier Service Tax threshold of Rs. 10 lakh. Service providers earning above Rs. 20 lakh annually need to register for GST.

Q) How is GST applied in the case of commercial property rentals?

Commercial spaces rented out are subject to an 18% GST on the taxable value. Renting in this context is considered a taxable supply of service. The calculation involves the application of GST on the entire sum of rent collected over regular intervals.


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