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Section 80EEB: Deduction in Respect of Purchase of Electric Vehicle

Updated: May 30


Section 80EEB: Deduction in Respect of Purchase of Electric Vehicle - Taxbuddy

One of the most important aspects of mitigating climate change and promoting green growth is electric mobility. Currently, India has 2 million Electric Vehicles (EVs) on road. More than half of all vehicle models are expected to be electrified by 2030. To promote green mobility, the Government of India introduced various benefits to the Indian citizens. One such benefit is given under Section 80EEB of the Income Tax Act, 1961. This section came into force on April 1, 2020, meaning the benefit under Section 80EEB can be taken from A.Y. 2020-2021 onwards.


This article tries to cover all aspects of Section 80EEB and how to maximize the tax benefits from the said section.

 

Table of Content

 

Section 80EEB

To encourage the use of electric vehicles and to reduce carbon emissions, the Government of India encourages use of electric vehicles to the Indian citizens. To promote the use of electric vehicles in India, Section 80EEB is introduced. Under this section, the interest paid on loan for the purchase of electric vehicles whether two wheeler or four wheeler is allowed as a deduction upon satisfaction of certain conditions.


Meaning of Electric Vehicle

Electric Vehicle (EV) is defined under Section 80EEB and has the following features:

  • A vehicle that is powered entirely by an electric motor.

  • Whose traction energy is exclusively supplied by the traction battery installed in the vehicle.

  • The vehicle has an electric regenerating braking system that converts kinetic energy into electrical energy while braking.


Meaning of Financial Institution

Section 80EEB defines a financial institution as: a banking company to whom the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 is applicable, or any bank or banking institution as per Section 51 of the said Act. It also includes deposit-taking non-banking financial companies.


Deduction under Section 80EEB

Section 80EEB allows for a deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for the purchase of Electric Vehicle (EV). However, the loan should be sanctioned on or after April 1, 2019. Moreover, a maximum of INR 1,50,000 can be allowed as a deduction under Section 80EEB for interest payments on loans obtained for the purchase of an EV.


Who can Claim Deduction under Section 80EEB?

Section 80EEB allows for a deduction only to the individuals who avail loan for the purchase of EVs. Therefore, deduction under Section 80EEB cannot be claimed by:


Unique Features of Section 80EEB

Some peculiar features of Section 80EEB are as follows:

  • The focus of Section 80EEB is to make Electric Vehicles (EVs) more viable environmentally and financially.

  • The section applies to both two-wheeler and four-wheeler, thereby, caters a wide range of potential customers.

  • The amount of deduction of INR 1,50,000 enhances the affordability of buying the same.

  • The Government’s initiative to promote a clean and green environment is reflected in the incentives provided for purchasing EVs.


Conditions for Claiming Deduction under Section 80EEB

Deductions under Section 80EEB are allowable if the following conditions are satisfied:

  • Only Electric Vehicles (EVs) defined under Section 80EEB are eligible for deduction.

  • The deduction is available only in respect of loans obtained from Banks or Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs).

  • The loan should be sanctioned between the period from April 1, 2019 to March 31, 2023.


Documents Required to Claim Deduction under Section 80EEB

To claim the tax benefit under Section 80EEB, following documents are required:

  • Certificate of Interest Paid on loan obtained for EV should be available with the assessee.

  • Other documents related to the loan should be readily available with the assessee.

  • A valid tax invoice obtained at the time of purchase of EV should be available with the assessee.


Promoting Electric Mobility in India

The Indian launched the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME) incentive programme. The Union Cabinet has approved Phase II of the FAME scheme, which aims to promote the use of Electric Vehicles (EVs) throughout the country. The programme aims to promote electric mobility in India. To facilitate the same, various financial incentives are provided to purchase EVs, and also the necessary infrastructure for charging and transporting EVs is built.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Explain the meaning of ‘Electric Vehicle’ under Section 80EEB.

Electric Vehicles (EVs) also known as Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) use an electric motor rather than the internal combustion engine. The electric motor is powered by the large traction battery pack that must be plugged into the charging equipment also known as the Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). Since the vehicle runs on electricity, the vehicle emits no exhaust from its tailpipe and does not have any liquid fuel components.


Q2. Explain the meaning of ‘Financial Institution’ under Section 80EEB.

The financial institution under Section 80EEB means to include a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies, or any bank or banking institution as per Section 51 of the said Act. Financial Institution also includes deposit taking non-banking financial institutions or non-deposit taking non-banking financial institutions.


Q3. What are the prerequisites to claim deduction under Section 80EEB?

To claim the deduction under Section 80EEB, the loan must be obtained on or after April 1, 2019. It should be obtained by the individual and the deduction should be claimed in his name alone, not by any representative of the assessee.


Q4. For how many years the deduction under Section 80EEB is available?

The deduction under Section 80EEB is allowed till the loan is fully repaid from the date of initial repayment. Moreover, the loan must be sanctioned on or after April 1, 2019.


Q5. Can an assessee claim deduction under Section 80EEB in a representative capacity while filing the ITR?

Deduction under Section 80EEB can be claimed in the individual capacity by the purchaser of the electric vehicle (EV) in whose name the loan is obtained, and not in the representative capacity. Therefore, the assessee cannot claim deduction under the representative capacity under Section 80EEB while filing own ITR..


Q6. What is the amount of deduction allowable under Section 80EEB?

The maximum deduction of INR 1,50,000 is allowed under Section 80EEB. However, the amount of deduction will be restricted to interest paid or INR 1,50,000, whichever is less.


Q7. Who can claim deduction under Section 80EEB?

Deduction under Section 80EEB is allowed only to individuals on purchase of electric vehicles either a two-wheeler or four-wheeler whether or not for a business purpose. Moreover, the said deduction cannot be claimed by HUFs, partnership firms, companies, AOPs, or BOIs under the Income Tax.


Q8. List the documents required for claiming deduction under Section 80EEB.

Following documents should be available with the individual claiming deduction under Section 80EEB:

  • Interest payment certificate.

  • Tax invoice for purchasing an electric vehicle.

  • All other loan related documents.


Q9. For how long the deduction can be claimed under Section 80EEB after the purchase of an electric vehicle?

The deduction under Section 80EEB is allowed on interest payments in all the subsequent years until the loan is fully paid. The loan should however be sanctioned on or after April 1, 2019.


Q10. Does Section 80EEB allows deduction for the principal repayment of loan?

No. Section 80EEB only permits the deduction in respect of interest payment on loan obtained for the purchase of Electric Vehicles (EVs). Thus, deduction cannot be availed on the principal repayment of EVs loan.


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